Category Archives: Grants

The N.C. A&T grant of the month for July: $239,000 to increase minority engineering grads

US Dept_of_Education_LogoThe Sponsored Funding Report for July:

N.C. A&T received eight grants totaling $512,946 in July.  One highlight of the funding was a grant worth $239,950 from the U.S. Department of Education to Dr. Stephanie Luster-Teasley of the Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering.  Other faculty members involved in the project are Clay Gloster, Leotis Parrish, Matthew McCullough, and Ronnie Bailey.

The complete list of grants received in July.

The project: ENGAGE 2BE Engineers: Engaging the Next Generation of African-American Graduates Entering Biomedical, Biological and Environmental Engineering Careers

The issue: The numbers of under-represented minority engineering students continue to remain low in comparison to the representation in the general population. Despite efforts to increase the diversity of the engineering profession, at the national level African
Americans, Native Americans, and Hispanics collectively represent only 11% of students completing BS level engineering degrees.  The total percentage of undergraduate students pursuing engineering degrees in the United States has increased very modestly over the last 10 years. Compared to other nations such as China and India, the United States falls significantly behind in production of BS level engineers. It is clear that engineering as well as other STEM fields must attract more students to meet the future demand for STEM professionals.

Abstract:  The goal of the ENGAGE 2BE Engineers proposal is to focus on providing mentoring, academic support, stipends and professional development for students at North Carolina A&T State University interested in pursuing careers in Biomedical, Biological and Environmental Engineering. The proposal seeks to develop a program within the College of Engineering focused on:

1) Increasing the number of minority students who complete college and are academically prepared to pursue graduate degrees in biomedical, biological and environmental engineering.

2) Provide support, mentoring and on-campus resources to increase retention and persistence of non-traditional and high-needs students who may have additional challenges — such as students with disabilities, students from low-income families, students from immigrant and migrant worker families, and students with children — enrolled in the departments of Chemical and Bioengineering (CBEN) and Civil, Architectural, Agricultural and Environmental Engineering (CAAE). This support will be in the form of academic mentoring, motivation, and advisement to assist their progression and acclimation at A&T and in the CBEN or CAAE
departments.

3) Implement data management methods to increase real-time advising and mentoring, and

4) Establish a sustainable mentoring program that will continue to serve students in CBEN and CAAE thus increasing the number of  underrepresented students and high-needs/non-traditional A&T students who graduate with STEM undergraduate degrees long-term.

‘Zombie nouns’: You love them, don’t you?

Whether it’s a peer-reviewed article, a funding proposal, or a syllabus, no one reads academic writing for the fun of it. Researchers and other faculty members tend to write for each other, which is to say, for people who get paid to read each other’s stuff. And for students, who, sadly, pay dearly for the privilege.

But just because most or all of your audience is under some degree of obligation to read what you write, that doesn’t give you license to be obscure, muddy and uninspiring. If there’s anything that can beat the life out of academic writing, it’s the overuse of nominalizations.  If that’s a new word to you, don’t feel bad.  Great numbers of people probably came across it for the first time when reading The New York Times website this morning:

“Nouns formed from other parts of speech are called nominalizations. Academics love them; so do lawyers, bureaucrats and business writers. I call them ‘zombie nouns’ because they cannibalize active verbs, suck the lifeblood from adjectives and substitute abstract entities for human beings. …

“At their best, nominalizations help us express complex ideas: perception, intelligence, epistemology. At their worst, they impede clear communication. I have seen academic colleagues become so enchanted by zombie nouns like heteronormativity and interpellation that they forget how ordinary people speak. Their students, in turn, absorb the dangerous message that people who use big words are smarter – or at least appear to be – than those who don’t.

Isn’t it great to be lumped together with lawyers, bureaucrats and zombies? By the way, I added the emphasis at the end, partly because it’s a good point and partly because some of us probably picked up the same idea the same way when we were students.

Writing is hard, and not just for you — it’s hard for everyone who cares about doing it well.  We can all use as much good advice as we can get. And this Times column qualifies.

N.C. A&T grant of the month: Monitoring strucutral integrity of armor, weapons

U.S. Army logoThe Sponsored Funding Report for June:

N.C. A&T received 23 grants totaling $17.19 million in June.

The complete list of grants received in June.

One highlight was a grant worth $616,956 from the Army Research Office to Dr. Mannur Sundaresan of the Department of Mechanical Engineering.  Dr. Albert Esterline of the Department of Computer Science also will work on the project.

The project: Prognostic Health Management of DoD Assets

The issue: Acoustic emission-based structural health monitoring techniques have great potential for determining the current state of health of critical structures, such as Army vehicles and weapons systems, and predicting their future performance.  However, current technology relies mostly on empirical approaches for interpreting AE signals, a technique that has been plagued by ambiguity and false positives.

With a better understanding of the physics of acoustic emission (AE) signal propagation and the development of signal processing techniques, AE-based techniques can play a larger role in developing highly efficient, adaptive, and survivable vehicles, armor, and machinery and the assurance of their safety and integrity.

Abstract:  This research will develop numerical models, experiments, algorithms, web architectures, and other tools applicable to prognostic health management. The research will address identification of critical damage states in composite structural elements and strategies for sensing such states with multiple sensors.

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N.C. A&T grant of the month for April and May: $131,000 for cell-based toxicity assay-on-chip

The Sponsored Funding Report for April and May:

N.C. A&T received 26 grants totaling $2.61 million in April and May.

The complete list of grants received in April and May.

Logo for Semiconductor Research Corp.One highlight of the funding was a grant worth $131,000 from the Semiconductor Research Corp. to Dr. Shyam Aravamudhan of the Department of Nanoenigneering at the Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering.  Dr. Aravamudhan is an A&T faculty member.

The project: Cell-based toxicity assay-on-chip for the next-generation CMOS technology

The issue: It is recognized that the unique quantum properties of engineered nanomaterials (ENs) strongly influence their physico-chemical properties, resulting in novel electrical, optical, thermal and magnetic properties not present in their corresponding bulk counterparts. For example, nanostructures’ huge surface area to volume ratio make them not only more reactive and but uniquely applicable for next-generation devices, including for implantable CMOS. This large surface area is just one of the many factors that alter nanostructures’ biological interfaces. Other aspects include their size, shape, surface functionality, charge, composition (organic, inorganic or hybrid), aggregation, solubility. Because of the widely tunable sizes and compositions, ENs can dynamically modify under different biological and environmental conditions, thus limiting options for uniform nano-bio interactions and standardization.

Abstract:  The objective of this project is to establish a robust, rapid throughput and high-content screening platform to study biological interactions of ENs implemented on a beyond-CMOS substrate, including their potential toxicities due to their unique physico-chemical properties at the nano-scale. Towards this objective, we propose a multi-faceted exercise beyond the traditional singular-focus efforts involving a multi-disciplinary group of researchers from nanoengineering, nano-biophysics, nanochemistry and toxicology. An over-arching goal is to develop a new approach of scientific integration where nano-ESH is an integral part of EN design rather than a post facto add-on.

N.C. A&T, UNCG programs working together on community-based mental health project

Kate B. Reynolds Charitable Trust logoGuilford County’s growing immigrant community is one of the county’s most underserved populations for mental health services.  The correlation between immigrant status and depression, anxiety, and substance abuse makes such services a critical need.

Beginning this fall, one largely immigrant neighborhood will become the site of a new community-based mental health care provider through a project led by North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University.  The project will involve the departments of social work at N.C. A&T and the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, the Center for New North Carolinians (CNNC) at UNCG, and the joint A&T-UNCG master’s degree program in social work.

The project will focus on the Oakwood Forest community, off U.S. 29 north of Greensboro.  The neighborhood has about 480 households and 2,400 residents. Eighty percent are of Mexican descent with limited English-language ability.  The program will be funded for its first three years by a $447,000 grant from the Kate B. Reynolds Charitable
Trust of Winston-Salem.

Most of Oakwood Forest’s households are characterized as working poor with temporary jobs in construction, restaurants, and other service industries.  In general across the nation, the Latino/Hispanic population is among those with the highest poverty rate and lowest rate of health insurance.

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The N.C. A&T grant of the month for March: $148,000 for autonomic small satellite systems

NASA logoThe Sponsored Funding Report for March:

N.C. A&T received 12 grants totaling $381,947 in March.

One highlight of March’s funding was a grant worth $148,078 from NASA to Dr. William Edmonson, Langley Professor of Electrical Engineering, for research in support of the cooperative agreement for the National Institute of Aerospace (NIA).

The complete list of grants received in March.

The project:  Edmonson is founder of the NIA Center for Reliable Autonomic Small Satellite Systems. The center performs research to increase the reliability of small satellites in the pico/nano/micro-class and to reduce the design-build-launch cycle from roughly 10 years to perhaps two.  Such satellites could weigh 50 kilograms or less.  They could perform a variety of functions, including earth monitoring, disaster management and space science.

One possible benefit could be providing cost-effective access to space due to the small volume and mass, thus allowing universities to develop, build, and launch such satellites as part of their research program.

NIA is a non-profit research and graduate education institute that conducts aerospace and atmospheric research and develops both new technologies and the next generation of scientists and engineers. In addition to N.C. A&T, its member institutions are Georgia Tech, Hampton University, N. C. State University, the University of Maryland, the University of Virginia, Virginia Tech, and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Foundation. NIA is a partner of the NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia.

The N.C. A&T grant of the month for February: Improving computational fluid dynamics

Logo: National Institute of AerospaceThe Sponsored Funding Report for February:

N.C. A&T received 21 grants totaling $1.45 million in February.  One highlight of February’s s funding was a grant worth $115,258 from the National Institute of Aerospace to Dr. Nail Yamaleev of the Department of Mathematics.

The complete list of grants received in February.

The project: Improvements of Unstructured Finite Volume Solutions for Turbulent Flows

The issue: Current computational fluid dynamics solutions provide insufficient accuracy in predicting complex turbulent flows involving, for example, flow separation and shear layers. The flow separation entails significant energy losses and limits the performance of many aerodynamic systems. Reliable prediction and control of flow separation is absolutely critical for meeting targeted vehicle aerodynamic efficiency, especially at off-design conditions. Widely recognized limitations of current computational and optimization approaches are deterioration of accuracy of gradients and finite-volume solutions on curved highly anisotropic grids typical for high-Reynolds-number flow computations and large computational and storage costs associated with solution of the primary and adjoint flow equations.

Accurate and efficient prediction and optimization of separated flows can lead to significant reduction in the lift-to-drag ratio, thus improving performance, reducing fuel consumption, extending the flight envelope, and enhancing aircraft survivability. Improved accuracy and efficiency of turbulent flow solutions will lead to practical computational tools that are capable of capturing the complex physics present in various aerodynamic applications that are of interest to NASA including rotary and fixed-wing vehicles across all speed regimes.

Abstract: Research to be performed on this project will be directed to enhance the state-of-the art unstructured Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation and optimization methodologies implemented in NASA’s code, FUN3D. The overall efforts focus on improving accuracy and efficiency of unstructured finite-volume methods and reduced-order models.

In Task 1, novel effective computational approaches will be studied to provide significant improvements in accuracy of gradient reconstruction and finite-volume solutions with no appreciable increase in complexity.

Task 2 will be concerned with development of efficient and scalable convergence acceleration methods that significantly reduce the turn-around time required for practical large-scale aerodynamic simulations.

Task 3 is aimed at reduction of the storage and computational costs by extending reduced-order models based the proper orthogonal decomposition to unsteady flows with shocks.